Specifies the type of the hash function which is passed to
g_hash_table_new when a
GenericSet is created.
The function is passed a key and should return a uint hash value. The functions direct_hash, int_hash and str_hash provide hash functions which can be used when the key is a pointer, int*, and char* respectively.
direct_hash is also the appropriate hash function for keys of the form `GINT_TO_POINTER (n)` (or similar macros).
A good hash functions should produce hash values that are evenly distributed over a fairly large range. The modulus is taken with the hash table size (a prime number) to find the 'bucket' to place each key into. The function should also be very fast, since it is called for each key lookup.
Note that the hash functions provided by GLib have these qualities, but are not particularly robust against manufactured keys that cause hash collisions. Therefore, you should consider choosing a more secure hash function when using a GHashTable with keys that originate in untrusted data (such as HTTP requests). Using str_hash in that situation might make your application vulnerable to Algorithmic Complexity Attacks.
The key to choosing a good hash is unpredictability. Even cryptographic hashes are very easy to find collisions for when the remainder is taken modulo a somewhat predictable prime number. There must be an element of randomness that an attacker is unable to guess.
the hash value corresponding to the key